LONG TERM ENERGY SECURITY FOR BANGLADESH – FEASIBILITY OF NUCLEAR POWER

Authors

  • Lieutenant Colonel Abu Mohammad Sarwar Farid, afwc, psc NDC

Keywords:

ENERGY SECURITY, BANGLADESH

Abstract

Energy is and will remain one of the major global concerns of the 21stcentury
and Bangladesh is no exception. With global energy demand expected to grow
strongly in the coming years, burning questions are now being raised over the
future of energy supplies, the economic competitiveness of different energy sources
and the associated environmental impacts. Energy consumption in Bangladesh
is very low compared to other nations. Only one third people are under power
supply coverage. Bangladesh aspires to be a middle income country through
economic emancipation. But the power sector is hardly capable of meeting its
energy requirement with existing infrastructure. At present our gas sector provides
most of our commercial energy needs. The state of existing gas reserve is not
very encouraging. There is other indigenous source like coal. But exploration
and exploitation of coal is environmentally challenging. Moreover, existing
recoverable coal may not fulfill the energy requirement of next twenty years. At
this juncture, to attain her energy security, Bangladesh opted for nuclear energy.
Nuclear energy has many positives while it has few negatives too. Bangladesh is
not capable of establishing and operating a nuclear plant at its own now. She has
already signed a bi-lateral agreement with Russia for construction of the first
Nuclear Power Plant in Bangladesh. There is a necessity for threadbare analysis
of the merits and demerits of nuclear energy in the context of Bangladesh with
lessons derived from the world. The research will identify and analyse all pros
and cons of nuclear power in Bangladesh and recommend objective suggestions,
if necessary, to support Bangladesh’s aspirations to go nuclear and usher into a
new world of development.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Books

Daniel Moran and James A. Russell, ed. Energy Security and Global Politics:

The militarization of Resource Management, 1st Edition, (New York, USA,

Routledge, 2009).

D. SubaChandran and J. Jegannathan, ed.Energy and Environmental

Security: A Cooperative Approach in South Asia, 1st Edition, (New Delhi,

India, Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies, October, 2011).

DrSingh,BhupendraKumar,India’sEnergy Security: The Changing Dynamics,

st Edition, (New Delhi, India, Simran Printers, 2010).

Findlay, Trevor,Nuclear Energy and Global Governance: ensuring safety,

security and non-proliferation,1st Edition, (New York, USA, Routledge, 2011).

Jones, P.M.S, ed. Nuclear Power: Policy and Prospects,1st Edition, (London,

England, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 1987).

Nersesian, Roy L,Energy for the 21st Century - A comprehensive Guide to

Conventional and Alternative Sources, 1st Indian Edition, (New Delhi, India,

Pentagon Energy Press, 2009).

Openshaw, Stan, Nuclear Power: Siting and Safety, 1st Edition, (London,

England, Routledge&Kegan Paul, 1986).

Siddayao, Corazon M., ed. Energy Investments and the Environment, Selected

Topics, 1st Edition, (Washington D.C., USA, The World Bank, 1997).

Youngs, Richard, Energy Security: Europe’s New Foreign Policy Challenge,

st Edition, (New York, USA, Routledge, 2009).

Articles/Papers/Presentations

ADB Technical Assistance Consultant’s Report, “People’s Republic of

Bangladesh: Preparing the Gas Sector Development Program (Financed by

the Japan Special Fund)”, Project Number: 38164, April 2009.

Barton, B. et al. (eds) “Energy Security; Managing Risk in a Dynamic Legal

and Regulatory Environment”, London, Oxford University Press, 2004,

cited in GawdatBahgat, Energy Security: An Interdisciplinary Approach,

JohnWiley and Sons, Ltd, 2011.

“Bangladesh-Russia nuclear power plant deal finalized”, Energy Bangla, 13

August 2012, at website http://energybangla.com/2012/08/13/2275.html#.

UC03bKA_m9s.

BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2012.

Bangladesh Economic Review 2008.

“Bangladesh, Russia further cooperation on nuclear power development”,

Asian Power, 04 June 2012.

Col A K M Nazrul Islam, “ Bangladesh:Mitigating Energy Insecurity and

Environmental Vulnerability”, inEnergy Security and Environmental

Security: A Cooperative Approach in South Asia, Ed D. SubaChandran and

J. Jegannathan,Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies (IPCS), New Delhi,

India, October, 2011.

CIA-The World Fact Book.

Dr Anwar Hossain, Chairman Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission,

“Nuclear power for Bangladesh”,The Daily Star, July 28, 2006.

Dr Mohammad Shawkat Akbar, “Energy sector development strategies

in the context of Climate change to face the challenges of the sustainable

Development”, presentation given at National Seminar on Solar Energy –

, 24-25 March 2008.

Dr Mohammad Shawkat Akbar, “A holistic approach for establishing Nuclear

power infrastructure in Bangladesh”, a presentation given on Topical Issues

on Infrastructure Development: Management and Evaluation of a National

Infrastructure, 8 – 11 February 2011, Vienna, Austria.

Dr Mohammad Shawkat Akbar, “Experience Of INIR Mission For Phase 1 And

Phase 2”, Presentation given at Workshop on Topical Issues on Infrastructure

Development – Managing the Development of National Infrastructure for

Nuclear Power Plants, 24 – 27 January 2012, Vienna, Austria.

Dr Abdullah Al Faruque, “A Right Step for Energy Security”, The Daily

Star, Nov 28, 2011.

Economic and Social Commission for the Asia and Pacific (ESCAF), “Energy

Security and Sustainable Development in Asia and the Pacific”, Bangkok:

United Nations, 2008.

“Energy in Iran”, retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energy_in_

Iran.

KhondkarAbdusSaleque, “Coal Mining Challenges in Bangladesh”, in

energybangla.com on 26 April 2009.

IAEA, Energy Statistics Division, “Key Energy Statistics”, published during

Energy Training Week, Paris, April 4-5, 2011.

IEA, World Energy Outlook, 2011.

Maitra, Ramtanu, “Thorium: Preferred nuclear fuel of the future”, World

Affairs, 10(1), 2006, Spring:99.

Mission Report, “IAEA International Fact Finding Expert Mission of the

Fukushima Dai-ichi NPP accident following the Great East Japan Earthquake

and Tsunami”, 24 May – 02 June 2011.

“Nuclear Plant Agreement signed with Russia”, bdnews24.com, Nov 02,

ParvezIqbalCheema and MaqsudulHasanNuri, (ed.), “Quest for Energy

Security in Asia”, Islamabad: Islamabad Policy Research Institute, 2007.

Petrobangla Annual Report, 2009.

Professor M Nurul Islam, “Energy Resources & Governance Issues:

Bangladesh Perspective”, presentation given to 52nd Senior Staff Course at

BPATC on 25 February, 2010.

Razia Sultana, “Quest for Energy Security in Bangladesh: Challenges and

Prospects”, BIISS Journal, Vol 29, No 1, January 2008.

“Responsibilities and Capabilities of A nuclear energy programme

Implementing organization”, IAEA Nuclear Energy Series No. NG-T-3.6,

Vienna 2009.

Saleque Sufi, “All about Gas Sector Master Plan”, Energy and Power, 15-31

January 2006.

“The Economics of Nuclear Power”,at websitewww.wikipedia.org.

Uddipan Das, “Overview of Nuclear Power Programme in Bangladesh”,

a presentation given at The IAEA Nuclear Energy Management School in

Japanon 11-29 June 2012, Tokai-Mura. Japan.

World Economic Forum, “The New Energy Security Paradigm”, Spring

“World Energy Outlook 2009”, at World Nuclear Association (WNA)

website, http://world-nuclear.org/info/inf16.html.

World Energy Council (WEC) report, “World Energy Perspective: Nuclear

Energy one year after Fukushima”, 2012.

Interview

Professor M Nurul Islam, Institute of Appropriate Technology, Bangladesh

University of Engineering and Technology on 01 September 2012.

Dr Mohammad Shawkat Akbar, Director Nuclear Power and Energy Division,

BAEC on 06 September 2012.

Internet Websites

www.unescaf.org/.

World Nuclear Association (WNA) Website, http://world-nuclear.org/.

http://en.wikipedia.org/.

http://www.iea.org.

http://www.nationmaster.com/.

World Development Indicators Online.http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/.

Power Sector Master Plan document, www.ti-bangladesh.org/research/ES_

Power_071120.pdf.

Bangladesh Atomic energy Commission website, www.baec.gov.org.

International Atomic Energy Commission website http://www.iaea.org/

Publications/Reports /index.html.

http://energybangla.com/.

http://bdnews24.com/

Published

2013-06-30

How to Cite

Lieutenant Colonel Abu Mohammad Sarwar Farid, afwc, psc. (2013). LONG TERM ENERGY SECURITY FOR BANGLADESH – FEASIBILITY OF NUCLEAR POWER. NDC E-JOURNAL, 12(1), 161-184. Retrieved from https://ndcjournal.ndc.gov.bd/ndcj/index.php/ndcj/article/view/98

Similar Articles

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.

Most read articles by the same author(s)