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NDC E-JOURNAL follows an open-access publishing policy. All articles are published and distributed under the terms of the Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).

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NDC E-JOURNAL does not bear any responsibility for verifying copyright permissions provided by the author. Any breach of copyright laws will result in retraction of the published article/material as well as reporting to relevant authorities at the author's institutions.