HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IN BANGLADESH- CHALLENGES AND REMEDIES
Keywords:HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT
Human Resource Development (HRD) in Bangladesh is a promising and challenging task. She is blessed with abundance of human beings but human resources. The untrained and unprocessed human beings who can foster the dreams come true remains poorly addressed. This untapped diverse resource is least explored for planned growth and development. Her promising potentials are recently marked by the graduation of Lower Middle Income Country of Bangladesh. All the wheels of developing mechanism of human resources are in piecemeal and lack synchronization. Development and HRD are complementarily interlinked. Bangladesh is suffering from huge skill shortage and professional experts in almost in all fields. Progress will be faster and attainment will be guaranteed if HRD is planned and executed in a timed plan. Globalization has opened the global gates of opportunities. This research attempts to find out the weaknesses and vulnerabilities of our complementary components of HRD so as to suggest the remedies for healthy growth and early development of Bangladesh. Constitutional and policy obligations, current conflicting streams and complex structures, analytical details of various indexes and status with general and technical education followed by regional and Asian education systems, population status accompanied by marriage and fertility including public health have been studied and analyzed. State of employment and unemployment for both male and female at home and abroad with comparative earnings are focused. Globalization and development strategy of Bangladesh along with the conceptual HRD planning and planning authority of various countries are put in for comparative understanding on the issue. It has also included the case studies on domestic and overseas labour skills of Bangladesh. All the complementary components of human resource development are studied to find the appropriate needs of HRD. The constitutional obligations, dominance of general education, poor presence of technical education, weak infrastructures, poor population control and expensive health services, increasing migration to industrial and service sectors, poorly synergized education and employment prospect including lack of central HRD planning are the major challenges. To meet these challenges, the study recommends creating creative and competitive human resource base by developing institutional synergy to promote HRD and stimulating a culture of useful education and training to enhance employability of labour forces within and beyond Bangladesh aimed to increase the productivity.
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