• Group Captain Mohammad Mostafizur Rahman, ndc, psc NDC




The report aims to explore the extent and magnitude of urban poverty. It is based
on both secondary sources and primary data. Primary data were collected from
selected areas of Dhaka city. Dhaka has experienced a higher rate of urban growth
in recent decades and transformed into a megacity. But correspondingly the
infrastructure development has not taken place to meet the needs of the residents. It
is revealed that a significant portion of city dwellers live in the slums and squatters.
And the influx of the people to the city has been due to migration on various grounds
namely economic crisis and river erosion. With regard to the magnitude of poverty,
it is revealed that the income of poor has increased but they are unable to have
any savings due to increment of the expenditure of overall livelihood therefore
making them vulnerable in a situation of crisis. Illiteracy accounts for one of the
main problems of the lives of slum dwellers. There are considerable proportions of
dropouts from the school and the reason of discontinuation of study stems mainly
from poverty and early marriage. There are various impacts of urban poverty on
the society such as housing and employment problem, lack of educational facility,
increase of child labour, criminal activities, marital problem, and increase of
sexual crime and problems of access to urban facilities. Consequently, there are
challenges in addressing urban poverty that can be enumerated as creation of
employment, controlling criminal and anti social activities, providing access to
urban facilities, access to education, access to healthcare, and scarcity of resources
etc that need to be addressed in order to alleviate problems of urban poverty and to
make the city more livable one for all.


Download data is not yet available.



Chowdhury A.M. and Faruqui S., 1991. Physical Growth of Dhaka City in

Dhaka: Past Present and Future, Dhaka: The Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.

Faruque, C.J., and Samad, M., 2009. The Invisible People, Poverty and

Resilience in the Dhaka Slums, Baltimore: Baltimore Press.

Islam, N., 1997. Urbanization, Migration and Development In Bangladesh:

Recent Trends And Emerging Issues.

Rahman, M. H., 2002. Urbanization and Urban Social Service in Bangladesh,

Dhaka: Ananya Publishers.

Rahman, H. Zillur,. 2011. Urban Bangladesh: Challenges of Transition,

Power and Participation Research (PPRC).


Banks, N., Roy, M. and Hulme, D., 2011. Neglecting the urban Poor in

Bangladesh: Research, Policy and action in the context of climate change,

Brooks World Poverty Institute.

Coalition for the Urban Poor.,2008. Recommendation of Urban Based

Workshop in order to reduce Urban Poverty.

Faruque, Md, Omar.,2008. Practical Training Report, Institute of Social

Science, Dhaka University.

Gordon, D. D., 2005. Indicators of Poverty and Hunger, Journal of University

of Bristol.

Islam, N., September, 1999. Urbanization, Migration And Development in

Bangladesh: Recent Trends And Emerging Issues, Centre for Policy Dialogue

Report, Dhaka.

Ishtiaque, Ahmed and Sezan Mahumud, Malik., 2011. Migration objectives

and their fulfilment: A Micro Study of the Rural-Urban Migrations of the Slums

of Dhaka City. Malaysian Journal of Society and Space 7 issue 4 (24-29).

Jabeen, H., and Mallick, F. H., 2009. Urban Poverty,. Climate Change and

Built Environment.

Journal of Rural Development, Vol 12(3), pp. 257-267(1993). NIRD,

Hyderabad, India.

Kamal, Sultana.,2008. Housing Right of Citizens and Responsibility of State,

Aine O Shalish Kendra, Dhaka

Kabir, S.,2008, Practical Training Report, Institute of Social Sciences. Dhaka


LGED Survey of Slums.,2005. Government of Bangladesh.

Lister, R., 2004. Relative poverty, South Borough University.

Ravallion, M., 1992. Poverty freak: A Guide to Concepts and Methods.

Living Standards Measurement Papers, The World Bank.

Ravallion, M. et al, 2009. Dollar a day. The World Bank Economic Review,

pp. 163-184

Zaman, H., 2005. Measuring income poverty in Bangladesh. World Bank

Report. Washington DC.

Official Documents/Lectures

Ahsan, F., May 2012. Poverty Reduction Strategy, Government of


Dhaka: Improving Living Conditions for the Urban Poor, Bangladesh

Development Series, Paper No. 17, The World Bank Office, Dhaka, June

Household Income and Expenditure Survey- 2010., The Government of


Sixth Five Year Plan, FY2011-FY2015, Accelerating Growth and Reducing

Poverty, Planning Commission, Ministry of Planning, Government of the

People’s Republic of Bangladesh

World Urbanization Prospects: The 2009 Revision, UN.

World Bank Report 2007.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poverty [Accessed on 27 Apr 2012]

http://library.thinkquest.org/05aug/00282/over_whatis.htm [Accessed on 21

May 2012]

http://www.gdrc.org/uem/define-squatter.html, [Accessed on 27 May, 2012]

http://www.unhabitat.org/downloads/docs/[Accessed on 02 July 2012]



http://www.banglapedia.com Asiatic Society of Bangladesh


[Accessed on 29 Aug 2012]


Ahsan, F, Jt Secy ( retd)., 29 Aug 2012. Ministry of Planning, Government of


Zillur, H., 01 Sep 2012. Executive Chairman, Power and Participation

Research Centre (PPRC).



How to Cite

Group Captain Mohammad Mostafizur Rahman, ndc, psc. (2013). EXTENT AND MAGNITUDE OF URBAN POVERTY: CHALLENGES AND WAY FORWARD. NDC E-JOURNAL, 12(1), 85-104. Retrieved from https://ndcjournal.ndc.gov.bd/ndcj/index.php/ndcj/article/view/94

Most read articles by the same author(s)