POLITICAL ECONOMY OF TOURISM IN CHITTAGONG HILL DISTRICTS
Keywords:POLITICAL ECONOMY, CHITTAGONG HILL DISTRICTS
The Chittagong Hill Districts termed as ‘Land of Promise’, considering its picturesque scenic natural beauty and vast resources both in agricultural and mineral resources. This part of Bangladesh experienced protracted insurgency between the government and Parbattya Chattagram Jono Sanghati Samiti, which terminated by signing of Peace Accord in 1997. Signing of an accord should be viewed to end violence and ethnic tension, but begins with the aim of conflict management to establish peace and harmony. Sustainable peace can be ensured by establishing a conducive and durable environment where every tribe, nationality and individuals can live peacefully with equitable rights and have access to social justice, resources and opportunities of the state. In these perspective, the economic and industrial development efforts taken for the CHT area undertaken by the GoB on a massive scale. Spectacular development has been achieved in such diverse field as road-building, telecom, health, agriculture, fishery, cottage industry, education, tourism and employment of tribal people. As a result there have been significant achievement in socio-economic development. Economic development in any form will pave the way of political solution of any issue and prevailing misconception. Govt recently decided to hand over all the departments to HDC as mentioned in peace agreement. Govt also clarified her position on Indigenous issue and possible all steps have been taken to resolve land issue. This process need to be nurtured and consistently sustained by the democratic national policy and tribals alike with tolerance, patience and care. Present trend of development process need to be accelerated with all possible recognized and acceptable means. CHT has sufficient attractions and facilities to develop tourism not only as one of the best tourist zones of Bangladesh but also of whole of the South Asia. If developed properly tourism can increase National GDP growth upto 5% annually. Besides, poverty alleviation and employment opportunity tourism will have direct impact on political economy of the region. This study is empirical and analytical in nature. The study tries to analyze prevailing socio-economic condition as well as political situation of the area. Also analysis made on the development impact and possible future development strategy in a acceptable manner for sustainable peace. Possibility to promote tourism in this region is analyzed from various angle and shown how it effects on political economy of the region. At the end some suggestions are made for the promotion of tourism.
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