• Major General Md Abdur Rouf, OSP, ndc, afwc, psc (retd) Former Faculty Member of National Defence College, Mirpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh


National Core Values, Socio Political Stability, Sovereignty and Territorial Integrity, Sustainable Economic Growth, Environmental Protection and Global Peace, National Security


The essence of Bangladesh’s security paradigm originates from the national core values, i.e. democracy, nationalism, socialism, and secularism. Contemporary geostrategic trends together with global pandemic have led the complex web of systematic factors, both of international and regional nature, influence Bangladesh’s national security in one way or other. Bangladesh, to encounter the multifarious security challenges at global, regional, and domestic levels, needs to adopt concept of comprehensive security that would give her the strategic space to play its own role in all situations. From a national perspective, Bangladesh’s security is contingent on political security, military security, economic security, social security, environmental security, and global peace. Bangladesh needs to attain socio-political stability by creating a society in which the rule of law, fundamental human rights and freedom, equality and justice will be secured for all citizens. An integrated effort is necessary to preserve sovereignty and safeguard territorial integrity by protecting national land, maritime and air spaces, and national cohesion. Bangladesh needs to achieve sustainable and inclusive economic growth to survive in the global economic recession due to pandemic and trade war. As a disaster-prone country, it is essential for Bangladesh to develop a healthy and sustainable environment. Following the foreign policy postulated by the Father of the Nation, Bangladesh is committed to maintain global peace. This paper attempts to focus on the conceptual issues relating to national security of Bangladesh relevance to global, regional, and domestic, geopolitical, and geostrategic environment. The paper is based on data from the constitution, books, government websites, journals, internet and news reports, attempts to assess contemporary security issues of Bangladesh, at a time when the country is facing the challenges of the 21st century.


Download data is not yet available.


Afolabi, M.B. (2015). Concept of Security. In Ajay, K. (Edt.) Readings in Intelligence and Security Studies, 1st Edition, Chapter 1, Intelligence and Security Studies Programme, ABUAD, pp. 1-11.

Akhtar, S. (2014). Regional Connectivity for Shared Prosperity. United Nations publication. [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 9 July 2020).

Amit, S. (2020). Coronavirus and Impact on the Bangladesh Economy: Assessing the Damage of the Black Swan of 2020. The Asia-Pacific Journal, Japan Focus. 18(15), No. 9. [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 23 August 2020).

Andaleeb, S.S. (2007). Political Culture in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Development Initiative, The University Press Limited, Red Crescent House, 61 Motijheel, C/A P.O. Box 2611, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh.

Bajpai, N., & Sachs, J.D. (2004). Reaching the Millennium Development Goals in South Asia. [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 12 July 2020).

Barai, M.K., & Adhikary, B.K. (2013). The Success of Microcredit in Bangladesh: Supplementing ‘Group Lending’ Explanation with Institutional Understanding. Rev. Integr. Bus. Econ. Res, 2(1), 471-490.

BIDA (2019). Investment Climate and Opportunities in Bangladesh. Director, Bangladesh Investment Development Authority (BIDA), Prime Ministers’ Office, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh. [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 5 October 2020).

CPD IRBD 2020 Team (2020). Corona Pandemic and Bangladesh: Health and Economic Risks and Recommendations. CPD Working Paper 133, Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD). [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 5 October 2020).

Das, P. (2008). India-Bangladesh Border Management: A Review of Government's Response. Strategic Analysis, 32(3), 367-388, DOI: 10.1080/09700160802063228

Dewit, D. (1994). Common, Comprehensive and Cooperative Security. The Pacific Review, 7(1), 1-15, DOI: 10.1080/09512749408719067.

Falkner, R. (2011). Global Governance –The Rise of Non-State Actors. EEA Technical Report, No 4/2011. [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 4 June 2020).

Fischer, S. (2003). Globalization and its Challenges. [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 2 July 2020).

GED (2015a). Millennium Development Goals: Bangladesh Progress Report 2015. General Economics Division (GED), Bangladesh Planning Commission, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh.

GED (2015b). National Social Security Strategy (NSSS) of Bangladesh. General Economics Division (GED), Planning Commission Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.

Hobbes, T. (1651). Leviathan, or, The matter, forme, & power of a common-wealth ecclesiasticall and civill. Andrew Crooke, Green Dragon in St. Pauls Church-yard, London.

Hossain, M.A., & Miah, M.G. (2011). Environmental Disasters in History: Bangladesh Perspective. Int. J. Soc. Dev. Inf. Syst. 2(1), 31-37.

Huq, S.M., Abedin, M.J., Khatun, M.S., & Ali, M.J. (2017). Practices of Consumer Rights in Bangladesh: A Study on Rangpur City. European Journal of Business and Management. 9(7), pp. 56-67.

Hussain, A. (2013). Bangladesh: A Case Study in the Rise of the Nation-State. Cornell International Affairs Review, 6(2). [Online], Available at: (Accessed: 28 September 2020).

Hussain, S. (2006). China-India-US Strategic Tangle-Challenge for Bangladesh. The India Doctrine (First Edition), Bangladesh Research Forum, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Jones, L., Palumbo, D., & Brown, D. (2020). Coronavirus: A Visual Guide to the Economic Impact. BBC News. [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 30 June 2020).

Kant, I. (1795). Perpetual Peace. Translated by M. Campbell Smith. M.A. George Allen, & Unwin Ltd., Ruskin House, 40 Museum Street, W.C. London. The Macmillan Company, New York.

Kara, S. (2018). Collective Security and Unexpected Failure of the League of Nations. [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 19 July 2020).

Karim, M.A. (2006). Contemporary Security Issues in the Asia-Pacific and Bangladesh-National Security of Bangladesh a Comprehensive View and Geostrategic Environment of Bangladesh. First edition, Academic Press and Publishers Limited, DhakaISBN: 984 08 0213 5.

Karim, M.A. (2008). Selected Papers on Security and Leadership-National Security: Global and Bangladesh Perspective. Academic Press and Publishes Library, Pratik Apartment, Dhanmondi R/A, Dhaka-1209, Bangladesh.

Kikkwa, G. (2010). Broadening the Concept of Peace and Security. Government and Politics, Vol. II, Eolss Publishers Co. Ltd, Oxford, United Kingdom, pp. 283-289. [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 6 October 2020).

Mahmood, S.A.I. (2012). Impact of Climate Change in Bangladesh: The Role of Public Administration and Government’s Integrity. Journal of Ecology and the Natural Environment, 4(8), 223-240, DOI: 10.5897/JENE11.088

McGlinchey, S., Walters, R., & Scheinpflug, C. (2017). International Relations Theory. E-International Relations Publishing, Bristol, England. [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 3 June 2020).

Miazi, M.A.N. & Islam, M.N. (2012). Prospect of Good Governance in Bangladesh: A Review. Prime University Journal, 6(2), 69-96.

Ministry of Law (2019). The Constitution of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Part II, Fundamental Principles of State Policy. Legislative and Parliamentary Affairs Division, Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs, Bangladesh Secretariat, Dhaka, Bangladesh [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 5 October 2020)

Mir, U.R., Hassan, S.M., & Qadri, M.M. (2015). Understanding Globalization and its Future: An Analysis. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences (PJSS), 34(2), 607-625.

Patton, S. (2019). The Peace of Westphalia and its Effects on International Relations. Diplomacy and Foreign Policy the Histories, 10(1).

Rahman, M.M. (2014). Emerging Strategic Landscape in the Bay of Bengal and Maritime Capability Building of Bangladesh. BIISS JOURNAL, 35(1), 23-43.

Rahmatullah, M. (2009). Regional Connectivity: Opportunities for Bangladesh to be a Transport Hub. Journal of Bangladesh Institute of Planners, 2,13-29

Schmid, M. (2007). The Concept of Comprehensive Security: A Distinctive Feature of a Shared Security Culture in Europe. Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California. [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 29 July 2020).

Sehgal, I.ul-M. (2011). Socio-Political Factors and National Security. Commentary. [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 14 August 2020).

Shangquan, G. (2000). Economic Globalization: Trends, Risks and Risk Prevention. CDP Background Paper No. 1, Economic & Social Affairs, United Nations. [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 5 July 2020).

Snedden, C. (2016). Shifting Geo-politics in the Greater South Asia Region. Research report, Daniel K. Inouye Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies. JSTOR. [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 26 June 2020).

SREDA & Power Division (2015). Energy Efficiency and Conservation Master Plan up to 2030. Sustainable and Renewable Energy Development Authority (SREDA) and Power Division, Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 5 October 2020).

Thakur, R. & Wiggen, O. (2004). South Asia in the world: Problem solving perspectives on security, sustainable development, and good governance. United Nations University Press, the United Nations University. [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 5 October 2020)

Zaman, R.U. & Biswas, N.R. (2015). Peacekeeping Contributor Profile: Bangladesh. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.4056.2640. [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 28 June 2020).



How to Cite





Most read articles by the same author(s)