• Commodore Syed Ariful Islam, (TAS), ndc, psc, BN NDC




Marine Fisheries of Bangladesh exploit a complex, multi-species resource, and can be subdivided into subsistence, artisanal and industrial fisheries sectors. Among the commercial catch more than 90% is landed by artisanal fisheries, while industrial fisheries contribute around 10%. Prior to the war of independence an estimated number of 9,500 sail boats and 41 mechanized boats represented the small scale fishing sector with a fish landing of 99.000 t in 1967-68, which has now exponentially increased to more than 50,000 mechanized and non mechanized boats with catch amounting 5.9 million mt by 2012 -13. Commercial trawling in offshore waters commenced in 1972 with 10 trawlers received as a gift from former USSR which gradually increased to 232 by 2014. Gradual increase of fish landing clearly indicates increase in fishing effort with a steady growth of more than 10% since 1973.  As the fishing effort is on increase there remains a risk of over fishing. To maintain productivity and to have a sustained development in the sector it demands a proper strategy. Therefore, it is imperative to know what is there in the Bay and how far can be extracted with what means. Since 1958 to 1988,  15 survey had been carried out, off which only  one indicated the demersal stock of 475 species of fish and other species of marine shrimp and shark. It also determined four fishing grounds. Depending on this single survey all types of fishing vessels are engaged in fishing in the same geographical area without any consideration of its sustainability. Because of procedural complicacies most of the boats are not registered properly and their landings are also not well monitored and regulated. Therefore, this sector needs a proper Strategy for the Exploitation and Management of the Marine Fisheries resources in the Bay of Bengal.


Download data is not yet available.


Ali, S. M. (1996). Marine Fisheries Economics and Development in India. New Delhi: M D Publications Pvt Ltd.

Association, M. F. (2010). Report to Secretary Fisheries and Live Stock Ministry. Dhaka, bangladesh: Marine Fisheries Association.

Azim, C. K. (2015, Jun 08). Number of Fishing Boats at Bay of Bengal. (S. A. Islam, Interviewer)

Bank World, 2. (2000). Bangladesh: Climate Change and Sustainable Development. World Bank.

BOBLME, B. o. (2010). Support to Sustainable Management of the BOBLME Project. Bangladesh Fisheries Research Institute.

BOBP/INF/8, B. o. (2008). Marine Small-scale Fisheries of Bangladesh: A General Description. Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations.

Business Dictionary. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.businessdictionary. com: html#ixzz3cD12FRr8

Captain Mir Imdadul Haque, B. (2015, Jun 08). Requirement of Dividing Fishing Ground. (S. A. Islam, Interviewer)

Consultants, F. (2003). Country Review, Thailand (Andaman Sea). Fisheries Department. Fishery Policy and Planning Division.

Department of Fisheries. (2015, May 21). Retrieved from http://www.

Ex Cadet Association Preesident, M. R. (2015, Jun 05). Insurance policy for Fishermen. (S. A. Islam, Interviewer) Chittagong.

FAO/UNDP. (1985). Development of Small Scale Fisheries in the Bay of Bengal. Madras, India: FAO/UNDP.

Fisheries Center, T. U. (2014). Reconstruction of Total marine Fisheries Catches for Bangladesh: 1950 - 2010. The University of British Columbia.

Fisheries Statistical Year Book 2012-13. Department of Fisheries , Bangladesh Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock. Published in 2014

Fisheries, D. o. (2013). national Marine Fisheries Policy 2013. Department of Fisheries.

Hadayet Ullah, D. G. (2014). Reconstruction of Total Marine Fisheries Catches for Bangladesh: 1950 - 2010. Bangladesh: Fisheries Centre, University of British Columbia.

Hemmings Mark, H. S. (2014). Reconstruction of Total Marine Catches for Maldives: 1950 - 2010. The University of British Columbia.

Hoq, H. M. (2010). Sustainable management of Fisheries Resources of the Bay of Bengal. Compilation of National and Regional Workshop Report.

IN, T. W. (2010). Indian Marine Fisheries Issue, Opportunities and Transitions for Sustainable Development. Agriculture and Rural Development SectorWorld Bank.

Interview, F. o. (2015, Jun 05). Life Style of the Fishermen in Chittagong. (S. a. Islam, Interviewer) Chittagong, Bangladesh.

John G Butcher 2004. The Closing of the Frontier: A History of the Marine Fisheries of South East Asia ISEAS Publications, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 30 Heng Mui Keng Terrace,Pasir Panjang, Singapore, p 248249

J. Narvekar and S. Prasanna Kumar, 2014“Mixed layer variability and chlorophyll a biomass in the Bay of Bengal”

Kazi, S. R. (2015). Recommendation for the Exploitation of marine Fisheries from bay of bengal. Bangladesh.

Khan, M. (2010). bangladesh Coastal and Marine Fisheries and Environment. Bangladesh.

Khan, M. (2010). Bangladesh Coastal and Marine Fisheries and Environment. Bangladesh.

Lamboeuf, M. (1987). Bangladesh Demersal Fish Resources of the Continental Shelf. Department of Fisheries, Bangladesh. FAO/UNDP.

Livestock, M. o. (2013). National Marine Fisheries Policy - 2013. Bangladesh: Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock.

Livestock, M. o. (2014). Present Status of Marine Fisheries Resources in Bangladesh and Future Development Strategy. Dhaka: Department of Fisheries.

M. Madhupratap and et al 2001 “Biogeochemistry of the Bay of Bengal: physical, chemical and primary productivity characteristics of the central and western Bay of Bengal during summer monsoon ”

Mahamud, G. H. (1999). In assessment and Monitoring of Marine System. Mogadishu, Somalia.

Manwarul, H. (2007). Recommendation forwarded to the Committee convened on the Exploitation of marine Fisheries Resources from bay of Bengal.

Musse and Mahamud, G. a. (1999). Current Status of marine Fisheries in Somalia. Mogadishu, Somalia.

Nabi and Ullah, M. a. (2012). Effect of Set bagnets Fisheries on the Shallow Coastal Eco System of Bay of Bengal. Ocean and Coastal Management .

Nesarul, D. K. (2012). The Control Path of Sustainable Marine Fisheries in Bangladesh, Thoughts on Economics. Vol 21 No 03 . Bangladesh: Thoughts on Economics.

Persson Lo, L. A. (2014). Failed State : Reconstruction of Domestic Fisheries catches in Somalia: 1950 - 2010. Somalia: Fisheries Centre, The University of British Columbia.

“Qasim, S.Z., 1977. Biological productivity of the Indian Ocean. Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 6, 122–137.

Rahman, H. M. (2010). Marine Fisheries Resources of Bangladesh: Stock Status and management Issues. Bangladesh.

Report, U. (2013). State of Industrial Trawlers. Bangladesh: Marine Fisheries Association.

Rachid Benshila and et al., 2013. “The upper Bay of Bengal salinity structure in a high-resolution model”

Samuel, C. (1968). Marine Fisheries in India. Cochin: Oceanographic laboratory, University of Keral.

Shahidullah, M. (1986). Marine Fisheries Resources Management in bangladesh and Current Status of Exploitation. Marine Fisheries Bulletin 3:26

Skipper, M. A. (2015, Jun 05). No of Fishing Days. (S. A. Islam, Interviewer) Chittagong.

SONGPOL, P. T. (1987). The Economics and management of Thai Fisheries. Mmanila, Philipine: IResources Management.

Ullah, M. (2007). Trophic Model of Coastal Eco System of the Bay of Bengal and Simulation of Fishery Yields for its Set bagnets Fisheries. Chittagong, Bangladesh.

VC BSMRMU, R. A. (2015, Jun 10). Opinion on Research and Research Vessel. (S. A. Islam, Interviewer)



How to Cite


Most read articles by the same author(s)