CLIMATE CHANGE AND INTERNAL MIGRATION: AN ANALYSIS ON SECURITY CHALLENGE FOR BANGLADESH
Keywords:CLIMATE CHANGE, INTERNAL MIGRATION
Bangladesh is a victim of climate change and the effect is going to be worst in near future. The displacement and internal migration due to climate change have already started. Natural disaster like cyclone, sea level rise, flood, drought, shore and river erosion, salinity encroachment etc are identified as the key effects of climate change which ultimately triggering displacement and internal migration. These are in turn causing food shortage, malnutrition, disease, poverty, social insecurity, human insecurity, loss of livelihood, loss of cultivatable land, etc. The climate induced Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) and migrants are the outcome of these climate change effects. These internal migrants and IDPs may be the causes of rapid urbanization, youth bulge, unemployment, socio-political disorder and unrest, conflict with existing rules and regulations, competition for resources, etc. They may also attempt for illegal transnational migration emanating heightened tension with neighbours and defaming national image. They may significantly upset socio-economic development which is the cornerstone of stability and security. These all may affect the security situation of Bangladesh severely. But the graveness of the issue on national security of Bangladesh is not yet profoundly identified and acted upon. Hence a great deal of consideration is needed to identify as how the issue of climate migration would create fog and friction in the society and in the national and regional politics. IDPs and migrants emanated from the adverse effect of climate change and there resettlement issue in the country may be major destabilizing factors for any national and regional security structure which need immediate attention. Though, government has laid down policy options and plans for coping up with the effects of climate change, formulation of a comprehensive policy on climate migrants and their resettlement is of paramount importance. Besides, adequate steps both by the government and different concerned international organizations should be taken forthwith to minimize the climate change impacts and reduce the emanation of climate migrants.
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Documents, Study Papers, Seminar Papers, Reports andInternet Publications
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The Gaurdian, I8 August 2015
The Gaurdian, 7 September 2015.
Janokantha, 29 January 2015.
Prothom Alo, 24 March 2015.
Prothom Alo,9 May 2015.
Prothom Alo, 22 May 2015.
Prothom Alo, 23 May 2015.
Prothom Alo, 5 June 2015.
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Interviews/ Inter-active Sessions
Ali, Abu Sayeed Mohammad, Brigadier General, Commander, 66 Artillery Brigade, Parbatipur, Dinajpur Date 9 May 2015.
Atiqur Rahman, Dr. Director, Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies, 4 May 2015.
Asma Alam, National Programme Officer, IOM, Dhaka, date 2 May 2015.
Biswas, Anisur Rahman, Panel Mayor, KCC, date 18 September 2015.
Mahfuzur, Rahman, Supervisor, Polly Bidyut Somti, Koyra, Khulna, 5 May 2015.
Nishat, Ainun Dr. Professor Ameritus, BRAC University,1 June 2015.
Rabbani, Golam Dr. Director, Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies, 3 May 2015.
Tofail, Ahmed, Brigadier General, Region Commander, Khagrachari Parbottya Zilla, Chittagong, 22 June 2015.
Zia Uddin Ahmed, Major, Coordinating Officer, Detachment DGFI, Jessore, 17 September.
Briefing by Chairman Mongla Port Authority at Mongla Port , May 2015.
Briefing by Commisioner, Benapole Customs House, May 2015.
Focus Group Discussion
Members of Shamnagor and Koyra Upazilla, May 2015.
Presentation on Climate Change and National Security by Dr. Ainun Nishat at National Defence College, 01 June 2015.
Presentation by HE Gibson Robert, British High Commissioner in Bangladesh at National Defence College, 18 August 2015.