THE US FOREIGN POLICY IN THE MIDDLE EAST: CASE STUDIES OF IRAN AND IRAQ
Keywords:US FOREIGN POLICY, MIDDLE EAST, IRAN AND IRAQ
Most striking feature of the US foreign policy in Iran and Iraq, especially during 1978-2003, is the consistent presence of contradictions. After an extensive research, this paper presents seven cases of contradictions. Subsequent examination of the cases reveals that the contradictions emerged because of the existence of two conflicting patterns of the US foreign policy in the Middle East. One of these patterns was a covert pattern and the other was an overt pattern. The covert pattern of the US foreign policy aimed at two broad objectives. First objective was to enable the rise of Shiite-cum-Persian nationalist ideology based Iran so that it could counter balance the Sunni Arab countries. The second objective was to weaken Iraq. To conceal the covert pattern, an overt pattern was designed and applied carefully. The research then unveils that the covert pattern of the US foreign policy actually pursued the Israeli objectives in the Middle East. Finally, the research explains how Israel and its Lobby in the US deliberately influenced US foreign policy to pursue Israeli objective of disintegrating the Middle East, and in the long run, of establishing Jewish state ‘From the Brook of Egypt to the Euphrates’.
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