• Brigadier General Md Abu Naser, ndc, psc NDC




Most striking feature of the US foreign policy in Iran and Iraq, especially during 1978-2003, is the consistent presence of contradictions. After an extensive research, this paper presents seven cases of contradictions. Subsequent examination of the cases reveals that the contradictions emerged because of the existence of two conflicting patterns of the US foreign policy in the Middle East. One of these patterns was a covert pattern and the other was an overt pattern. The covert pattern of the US foreign policy aimed at two broad objectives. First objective was to enable the rise of Shiite-cum-Persian nationalist ideology based Iran so that it could counter balance the Sunni Arab countries. The second objective was to weaken Iraq. To conceal the covert pattern, an overt pattern was designed and applied carefully. The research then unveils that the covert pattern of the US foreign policy actually pursued the Israeli objectives in the Middle East. Finally, the research explains how Israel and its Lobby in the US deliberately influenced US foreign policy to pursue Israeli objective of disintegrating the Middle East, and in the long run, of establishing Jewish state ‘From the Brook of Egypt to the Euphrates’.


Download data is not yet available.


Arnove, Anthony. (2006). Iraq: A Logic for Withdrawal. New York: The New Press

Baxter and Akbarzadeh. (2008). US Foreign Policy in the Middle East The Roots of Anti-Americanism. USA and Canada: Routledge

CNN.Com./U.S (2001). You are either with us or against us. accessed from http:// on 18 September 2015

Coleman, Dr John. (1993).Diplomacy by Deception (online version).Bridger House Publishers

Cooper, Andrew Scott. (2015). Declassified Diplomacy: Washington’s Hesitant Plans for a Military Coup in Pre-revolution Iran. published in The Guardian on 11 February 2015.

Curtiss, Richard. (1987). Did Iran Delay Hostages Release To Ensure Reagan’s Election? published in Washington Report on Middle East Affairs on October 1987.

Ellsworth, J Roy. (2014). Israel, Iran, and The United States: A Precarious Alliance. Boise State University

Evans, Michael D. (2015). Is Jimmy Carter Guilty of Treason? accessed from Treason.pdfon 15 Aug 2015

Garfield, Richard. (1999). Morbidity and Mortality Among Iraqi Children From 1990 to 1998: Assessing the Impact of Economic Sanctions, Fourth Freedom Forum

Global Policy Forum. (2002). Iraq Sanctions: Humanitarian Implications and Options for the Future. accessed from https://www.globalpolicy. org/component/content/article/170-sanctions/41947.html on 17 April 2015

Guzman, Timothy Alexander. (2013).Iran Nuclear Talks: Remembering the Israeli Attack on Iraq’s Peaceful Nuclear Reactor Osirak. Will History Repeat Itself?

Jasim, M AbdulGhani. (1984).Iraq and Iran: The Years of Crisis. Kent: Croom Helm Ltd

Knowlton, Brian. (2001). A Sustained Fight Is Promised; N.Y. Toll of Missing Near 5,000 : Bush Vows to ‘Lead World to Victory’. published in The New York Times on September 14, 2001.

Kozhanov, Nikolay A. (2011).U.S. Economic Sanctions against Iran: Undermined by External Factors,Volume XVIII, Number 3.

Murray, Donette. (2010). US Foreign Policy and Iran. USA and Canada: Routledge

Nakanishi, Hisae. (2015).The Construction of the Sanctions Regime Against Iran: Political Dimensions of Unilateralism. Kyoto: T.M.C. Asser Press

National Security Achieve. (2006). The Iran-Contra Affair 20 Years On. National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 210. accessed from on 06 Jun 2015

Parsi, Trita. (2008). Treacherous Alliance the Secret Dealings of Israel, Iran, and the United States. New Haven and London: Yale university press

Perloff, James (2009). Iran and the Shah: What Really Happened? accessed from accessed on 15 Aug 2015

Petras, James. ((2006). The Power of Israel in the United States. USA: Clarity Press Inc

Potter, Lawrence G. and Sick, G Gary. (2004). Iran, Iraq, and the Legacies of War. USA: Palgrave Macmillan

Reiter, Dan. (2005). Preventive Attacks Against Nuclear Programs and The Success at Osiraq. Nonproliferation Review, Vol 12, No 2. The Monterey Institute of International Studies, Center for Nonproliferation Studies.

Shahak, Israel. trans. & ed. (1982).The Zionist Plan For the Middle East. a translation of OdedYinon. “A Strategy for Israel in the Nineteen Eighties”(Belmont, Massachusetts: Association of Arab American University Graduates, 1982).published in Global Research on 29 April 2013.

Sniegoski, Stephen J. (2008). The Transparent Cabal. Enigma Editions: Virginia

Soh, Changrok. (2004). United States Foreign Policy and United Nations The Case of the War in Iraq. The Korean Journal of International Relations, Volume 44, Number 5.

Staniland, Martin. (1991). Falling Friends The United States & Regime Change Abroad. USA & UK: Westview Press

The New York Times International. (1990). Excerpts From Iraqi Document on Meeting with U.S. Envoy. accessed from /~furrg/glaspie.html on 17 April 2015

Weiss, Thomas G. et al. (2004). Wars on Terrorism and Iraq. London and New York: Routledge

World Nuclear Association.(2015). Nuclear Power in Iran (Updated April 2015).

Yehoshua, A.B. (2013). Defining Zionism: The Belief that Israel Belongs to the Entire Jewish People. Daily Haaretz, May 21, 2013.



How to Cite

Brigadier General Md Abu Naser, ndc, psc. (2016). THE US FOREIGN POLICY IN THE MIDDLE EAST: CASE STUDIES OF IRAN AND IRAQ. NDC E-JOURNAL, 15(1), 1-18. Retrieved from

Most read articles by the same author(s)