• Brigadier General A T M Anisuzzaman, BP, ndc, psc NDC




Religion is an age old phenomenon in societies and nations in the world. Civilizations came into being across the world and fell apart from antiquity on the question of religious belief and practices. Theory of a Supreme Being, GOD, The Almighty came into human belief and perception in the early days of human history even before the inception of language. And in course of time that belief and faith came out to be all encompassing day to day life force in the process of evolution of mode of communication and in the progression of the growth of civilization the religion emerged as instrument of politics.

Religious fundamentalism is a tendency of people to stick to a set of principle ordained in their religious belief which starts taking shape from the beginning of their life after birth when they develop the cognitive perception and sense. In the life time of a human being that sense of religiosity gets ingrained in his psychology and over all behavioural pattern and this phenomenon is intimately connected with human identity question. All the recognised religions have their strict set of principles which are having positive and negative connotations. In positive sense the fundamental doctrine of a religion dictated by the Holy Scriptures make them different from other counterparts and compelling the followers to stay disciplined and united. On the other hand in negative sense religious fundamentalism gives rise to radicalization even towards terrorism since the religious sentiment is the most vibrant driving force to unite mass population towards an extreme political gain like the outcome of Zionism and subsequent world phenomenon on the rise of Al Qaeda.

Religious fundamentalism is not the sole or stand-alone reason for religious terrorism on international spectrum and among many other reasons terrorism may be a by-product of fundamentalism which is evident if we analyse the history of terrorism. Thereby we can reach to a conclusion that religious terrorism especially suicide terrorism has got very intimate connection with radicalization originated from religious fundamentalism. Historical grievances, relative deprivation, collective humiliation or even mass oppression has got its root towards terrorism by using religion as instrument or vehicle and are the outcome of collective religious hatred, manifestations of which are visible in present day suicide terrorism. Crossexamination of religious scriptures tends to make us believe that majority of religious scriptures have got violent verses, misinterpretations of those are sometime used to radicalise vulnerable population towards desperate and extreme alternative measures with profound impact on global peace and security.


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