INTEGRATED TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM IN BANGLADESH: IMPACT ON SOCIOECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND NATIONAL SECURITY
Keywords:INTEGRATED TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM, SOCIOECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, NATIONAL SECURITY
The role of an efficient transportation and communication system is extremely critical for the socio-economic progress of a country. Transportation is that part of economic activity which is concerned with increasing human satisfaction by changing geographical position of goods or people. Bangladesh being a riverine deltaic plain, historically her transportation relied on waterways. Gradually with the advent of technology other modes of transportation like railway, road and air became popular. Each means has its merits and demerits in terms of speed, economy, safety etc. However, in Bangladesh, development started taking place with an overemphasis on road communication at the cost of other competing modes. The development of railway and waterway gradually became marginalized. Different modes of transportation system in Bangladesh are not integrated. There is hardly any proper coordination at the planning and policy making level resulting in lack of suitable integration of different modes at the ground level. Integration of different modes of transportation will facilitate economic growth and development and enhance security. This paper attempts to evaluate the transportation system of Bangladesh, identifies the problems, challenges and way forward for the economic development of the country. In Bangladesh transportation sector is looked after by different ministries and departments of the Government. As a result different policies are also developed focusing on the individual mode of transportation. To obtain optimum output from transportation sector there is a need for policy to address all modes of transportation in an integrated way, so that strengths and weaknesses of different modes of transportation system may be explored to the fullest through integration thus enhancing socio-economic development and enhance security of the country. Development means economic, social and political progress. It is reflected in improvements in all-round productivity, higher levels of national income, savings and investment and a reasonable standard of living. An integrated transportation system is an essential catalyst for achieving security through economic development.
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