POLICE-PUBLIC RELATIONS: CONFIDENCE BUILDING FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT IN BANGLADESH
Keywords:POLICE-PUBLIC RELATIONS, LAW ENFORCEMENT
In Bangladesh, police is primarily concerned with the maintenance of law and order and security of persons and property of the individual; it also plays a vital role in the criminal justice system. The relationship between the members of the public and Police in Bangladesh ideally should be mutually beneﬁcial.
The present study titled “Police- Public relations: Conﬁdence building for law enforcement in Bangladesh” has been undertaken in order to make an elaborate assessment on status of the present Police- Public relations, legal frame work of Police- Public relations, identify the strength and weaknesses under the present legal system in terms of Police- Public relations. Moreover, study of public perception and the ground reality about reciprocity of police and public, interpreting the present scenarios on police- public relationship and its implications on the performance of police in Bangladesh and recommendations for effective police- public relations for the overall development of the country have been added in the research.
Bangladesh Police does not have any institutional framework on police- public relations, inadequate legal framework is also a weaker part of it. During the study a survey was carried out at six different districts on different classes of people including police ofﬁcers. The study identiﬁes some important factors which contribute to present police- public relations; which includes Social, organizational and human & psychological factors. The study also gave some recommendations to enhance the existing relation between police and public.
Being the main machinery of the government to look after the safety and security of the people Bangladesh Police should endeavor to be graduated from the traditional enforcement approach to the modern service oriented approach through its pro-people activities and gaining conﬁdence.
Begum, S. Mehartaj (1996) ‘District Police Administration’, Anmol Publications Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi, India.
Chatterjee, Basudev (1973) ‘ A study in the Police Administration of West Bengal’, Aapurba, Calcutta, India.
Dhillon, Kirpal (2005) ‘Police and Politics in India: Colonial Concepts, Democratic Compulsions: Indian Police 1947-2002’, Manohar Publishers & Distributors, New Delhi, India.
Kibria, A. B. M. G. (1976) ‘Police Administration in Bangladesh’, Khosroz Kitab Mahal, Dhaka. Khandaker, A. R. (1998), ‘ Society Politics and Public Order, Memoirs of A Police Chief’’, The University Press Limited, Dhaka.
Khan, Sultan Kabar (1983) ‘Power, Police and Public’, Vishal Publications, Kurukshetra, India.
Mehra, Ajay K. (1985) ‘ Police in Changing India’, Usha Jain Publications, New Delhi, India.
Prof. (Dr.) S.M. Diaz (1993), ‘Police and Public Cooperation’, Encyclopaedia of Police in India, Volume II, Ashish Publishing House, New Delhi, India.
Rahman, Md. Motiar (2011), Constable Sargrantha, Robi Publications, Chittagong.
S.K Ghosh, F.K Rustamji, (1993) Encyclopedia of Police in India, Volume II, Part-A, Ashish Publishing House, New Delhi, India.
Shah, Giri Raj (1993) ‘Image Makers: An attitudinal Study of Indian Police’, Abhinav publications, New Delhi, India.
Wright, Alan (2002) ‘Policing an introduction to Concepts and practice’, Lawman (India) Private Limited, New Delhi, India.
Bangladesh Police (1998), ‘Strategic Plan July 1995 - June 1998’, Police HQs, Dhaka.
Bangladesh Police, (2000), ‘Auspicious Inauguration, Bangladesh Police Staff College’, Police HQs, Dhaka.
Bangladesh Police (2001), ‘Action Plan for Bangladesh Police’, Police HQs, Dhaka.
Bangladesh Police, (2003), Action Plan for Bangladesh Police (Revised), Police HQs, Dhaka.
Draft Police Ordinance 2007, Ministry of Home Affairs website, (www. mha.gov.bd/).
Report of the National Police Commission of India (1980), (www.angelﬁre. com/theforce/npcreport).
G. Douglas Gourley (1954), Police Public Relations, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 291, pp. 135-142, Sage Publications Inc, USA.
Patil, S (2008), ‘Bangladesh in Feudal Forces: Reform Delayed - Moving from Force to Service in South Asian Policing’, pp16-31, Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative, New Delhi, India.
Rahman, Md. Motiar (2010) ‘Public Security and Police in Capital Dhaka from 19712008’, Politics- Society Administration, Vol-1 (2011).Asiatic Society, Bangladesh.
Roy, Jaytilak Guha (1999), ‘Policing in Twenty-ﬁrst Century’, Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi, India.
Agarwal, K.P (1973), Police- Public relations, CBI Bulletin, September 1973, India.
Huda, Muhammad Nurul (2009), ‘Bangladesh Police- Issues and Challenge’, The University Press Limited, Dhaka.
Karzon, Sheikh (2006), ‘Bangladesh Police: Existing problems and some reform proposals’, The Daily Star, October 14, 2006, Dhaka.
William J. Patsche (2007), ‘Mayberry v. Starsky & Hutch: Public perception of police work’, POLICE ONE.COM, March 30, 2007.
Micheal P. Tranoglie (2004), ‘Police and Public Opinion’, WWW. FRONTPAGEMAG.COM, 05 April 2004.