IMPORTANCE OF INTERMODAL TRANSPORTATIONS AND COMMUNICATION INFRASTRUCTURE IN DEVELOPING PRESENT HINTERLAND CONNECTIVITY WITH PORTS OF BANGLADESH
Keywords:INTERMODAL TRANSPORTATIONS, COMMUNICATION INFRASTRUCTURE
With consistence 5% plus GDP growth for last two decades, Bangladesh has
emerged as one of the most viable and growth oriented economy of Asia. At
same time, globalization and trade liberalization paralleled by the revolution in
information and communications technologies are continually advancing and
significantly altering existing markets and triggering a race for the future. To
pick up the pace in the development marathon, Bangladesh needs to improve
the type and quality of transport and logistics services and infrastructure. The
massive growth in containerization which introduced the modern concept of
Multimodal Transport has shifted the cargo delivery system from “port-to-port”
to “door-to-door”. The fundamental objective of intermodalism is not only to
optimize a single mode of transportation but also to integrate the modes into an
optimal, sustainable and ethical system. Such a system should promote efficiency,
safety, mobility, economic growth and protection of the natural environment.
The biggest impediments to intermodalism are bottlenecks on the corridors from
ports to hinterland. Due to lack of infrastructure capacity, such as rail slots,
congestion in roads and draught restriction in waterways, seamless handling of
containers is still a great challenge for Bangladesh.
This study hopes to complement this ambition by pointing to the way forward
towards developing multimodal transport in the country to contribute towards
the greater objective of creating a world-class logistics industry in Bangladesh.
It is formulated to provide a foundation upon which nationwide seamless and
integrated system can be established. Their collective thrust lead to the suggestion
that the various transport modes are integrated with the supply chain towards
creating a more efficient supply chain and inter-transport links in the country. The
recommendations put forth in this paper can help to address the presently disjointed
linkages amongst the transport modes in the country, leading to a national policy on
multimodal transport development to remove obstacles and inefficiencies towards
ensuring an efficient and rapid transportation of container in the country.
Farazi Binti Ferdous, Chittagong Sea Port and Inland Transport System of
Bangladesh: An analysis of the role of efficient hinterland connectivity to
facilitate international trade, Tokyo, 2011.
Theo Notteboom Itmma, The Relation Between Seaports and the Intermodal
hinterland in Light of Global Supply Chains, European Challenges;
University of Antwerp Press, 2008.
Documents, Reports and Journal Articles
The Law of Intermodal Transportation: What it was, what it is and what it
should be -A Report on Intermodal Transportation in USA by Paul Stephen
Dempsey, Ph.D, J.D
Nazery Khalid,. 2005. Developing multimodal transport in Malaysia:
Improving links and integration across transport modes and the logistics
chain, Kuala Lumpur.
Port Competition and Election in Contestable Hinterlands; the case of Austria
by Peter W. de Langen; Erasmus University Rotterdam.
Assessing Intermodal Transportation Planning at State Departments of
Transportation by Andrew R. Goetz, Joseph S. Szyliowicz, Timothy M.
Vowles, and G. Stephen Taylor- National Center for Intermodal Transportation
Report on Intermodal Transportation and Inventory Cost Model, Highwayto-
Rail Intermodal; User’s Manual; U.S. Department of Transportation,
Federal Railroad Administration, March 2005.
Nazery Khalid, Armi Suzana Zamil & Farida Farid, Leveraging The
Application of Information Technology to Gain Competitive Advantage In
the Maritime Sector; Paper presented at Maritime Science & Technology
Seminar (MARSTEC 2007) in Kuala Lumpur on 22 February 2007.
Implementation of Multimodal Transport Rules, A Report prepared by the
United Nation Conference on Trade and Development Secretariat in 2002.
Policy Framework for the Development of Intermodal Interfaces as part
of an Integrated Transport Network in Asia, UN ESCAP document no ST/
People’s Republic of Bangladesh Revival of Inland Water Transport: Options
and Strategies May 29, 2007; A report (Report No. 38009) prepared by
a team led by Jean-Noel Guillossou World Bank, South Asia Sustainable
United Nations (2003), Manual on Modernization of Inland Water Transport
for Integration Within a Multimodal Transport System, New York.
Jean-Paul Rodrigue and Theo Notteboom., 2005. Foreland-Based regionalization:
Integrating Intermediate Hubs with Port Hinterlands, Antwerp
On line Newspaper Articles
http:/ / www. thedailystar.net/newDesign/news-details.php?nid=
http:/ / www.thefinancialexpress-bd.com/more.php. News
http:/ / www.theindependent.net/newsdetails.php