DISTRICT LEVEL LOCAL GOVERNMENT SYSTEM IN PAKISTAN: PERSPECTIVE FOR BANGLADESH
Keywords:LOCAL GOVERNMENT SYSTEM, PAKISTAN
The characteristics of good governance is ingrained in Abraham Lincoln's
historical statement that, "democracy is the government of the people, by the
people and for the people". Institutions of governance based on democratic
principles, and local governments are undoubtedly are the institutions that are
closest to the people and at the base of the democratic system of government, their
development can thus go a long way in strengthening the democratic form of
Government. Democratic local governments, indeed, provide a pertinent political
education for citizens of free societies. In third world countries like Bangladesh,
administrative and local governance system can reach out to grass-roots level and
have all the features needed for participatory democracy. Countries of the region
have recently carried out experiments and studies to attempt to decentralize and
strengthen the local government system. Government of Pakistan has sought the
assistance of donor agencies, and with the initiatives of the World Bank, a 'Big
Bang' approach to local government decentralization was implemented in 2000.
Through the 'Big Bang' model Pakistan installed a democratic and service
oriented institutional set-up at the district level for better administration
governance. In spite of reports and studies of different commission / committee
reports, it is unfortunate that, no serious efforts have been made till now to
decentralize power and devolve authority to local government in Bangladesh to
create a viable institutional framework for sustainable democracy and good
governance. Keeping this particular perspective in mind, this situation has been
carried out to explore the Pakistan experience in order to find out its implications
to initiate a devolution scheme at the district level for administrative and local
government Bangladesh. This study has come up with three alternative models Zila
Government, Zila Parishad and Zila Development.
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