INTEGRATION OF SPECIAL EDUCATION WITH NATIONAL EDUCATION SYSTEM: BANGLADESH PERSPECTIVE
Keywords:National Education System, Childhood Development Program, Special Education
Equivalency in different forms of education is of great importance. In Bangladesh, three main educational courses are existing: General Education, Madrasa Education, and Technical and Vocational Education. Among these systems corresponding or parallel values or grades are also present. However, there is another form of education existing in Bangladesh known as special education for the children with special needs. But this special form of education does not have any corresponding level or values parallel to other forms of existing education system of Bangladesh. The aim of the present research is to frame an equivalent integrated education system combining all four types of available education systems (General Education, Madrasa Education, Technical and Vocational Education and special Education) of Bangladesh. Furthermore, this research has also addressed the common area of education where all children including the special need children will learn, educate and socialize together in the same class room. Hence, the early childhood development program (ECDP) has also been studied in the context of global perspective in order to propose an ECDP model integrating all children. The researcher followed mixed method approach for the study which included questionnaire survey, semi-structured interview and document analysis. Academicians, special educators and therapists were chosen to conduct the study. Related literature has been studied for the comparison with a view to equalizing different forms of education and an appropriate integrated education structure and ECDP model structure for Bangladesh has been proposed.
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